Motors are widely used in transportation and automobile, military industry, industrial production, and other fields. The motor performance test is an important link to ensure the normal operation and safe use of motors. Motor performance test contains a variety of test items and indicators, here is a brief introduction to the motor performance test system in the common test items.
Motor performance test items are load performance, cogging torque, friction torque, separation torque, torque fluctuation, drag torque, performance test, torque constant, reverse electromotive force, short-circuit current, resistance, and inductance.
1, load performance: motor load performance is at rated voltage and rated frequency, the motor performance test system applies a rated load to the motor to test the motor's output power, efficiency, and temperature rise. Load performance testing helps verify that the motor meets the manufacturer's performance specifications and ensures that it operates properly under rated operating conditions.
2, breakaway torque: motor breakaway torque is a degree of torque that is used to maintain the motor axis or the position of rotating parts after the motor stops being powered. Motor breakaway torque usually depends on the design of the motor, mechanical structure, friction, magnetism, bearings, and other factors, for motor performance and efficiency have an important impact.
3, torque fluctuations: motor torque fluctuations refer to the instability of the motor torque output during operation, usually expressed in periodic or random torque changes. Torque fluctuation will hurt the motor's mechanical system, such as vibration, noise, and unstable operation. Therefore it is important to reduce motor torque fluctuations, especially in areas requiring high accuracy and smooth operation, such as precision machinery, automated production lines, and medical equipment, motor manufacturers usually take measures to reduce torque fluctuations to improve the performance and reliability of the motor system.
4, drag torque: motor drag torque is when the motor stops the power supply, due to mechanical construction or magnetic force, resulting in the motor's rotor continuing to rotate without external force. Drag torque may have an impact on applications that require precise control of the motor's stop or reverse rotation, so in some cases, additional measures may need to be taken to offset or reduce the drag torque to ensure that the system is accurate and controllable.
5, performance testing: motor performance testing is the process of evaluating the motor's performance and performance characteristics under various operating conditions through a motor performance test system. Motor performance testing usually includes testing the motor's current, voltage, speed, torque, efficiency, temperature rise, noise, and vibration, to ensure the reliability and safety of the motor.
6, torque constant: The motor torque constant indicates the relationship between the torque output of the motor and the current of the motor. Usually the letter "Kt" indicates that the torque constant reflects, in the rated current conditions, the motor can produce the size of the torque.
7, reverse electromotive force: motor reverse electromotive force refers to the electric potential generated during the operation of the motor, usually associated with the motor's operating conditions and speed. The size of the reverse electromotive force is proportional to the speed of the motor and is used in motor performance tests to evaluate the performance and efficiency of the motor, as well as to control the speed and position of the motor. Through the measurement of the reverse electromotive force, you can better understand the operation of the motor, and control and regulate accordingly.
8, short-circuit current: motor short-circuit current is the phenomenon of short-circuiting two windings or different points of the windings by connecting them, thus generating a high current inside the motor. This test is often used to assess the resistance of the windings and the short-circuit capability of the motor. By measuring the short-circuit current, the resistance value inside the motor and the performance of the motor in a short-circuit situation can be determined and can be used to detect whether the motor winding fails.
9, resistance: motor resistance refers to the resistance of the motor winding, that is, the electrical resistance encountered when the current is transmitted within the motor winding. By measuring the resistance value of the motor, you can assess the state of the motor winding, detect whether the winding is faulty or damaged, as well as to ensure that the electrical characteristics of the motor are in normal operation to the design requirements.
10, inductance: motor inductance refers to the inductance of the motor winding, which is the ability of the conductors in the winding to respond to changes in current. Inductance reflects the relationship between the magnetic field induced when current passes through the motor winding and the rate of change of current. Higher inductance values indicate a slower response of the windings to changes in current, while lower inductance values indicate a faster response.
The above motor performance test items are for the basic test items, due to the different motor models and application environments, the actual motor test items will be customized according to the actual situation, more in line with the actual application, high efficiency, and price.
AIP focuses on global motor testing and provides one-stop motor testing solutions. For motor testing equipment-related questions, please contact AIP via Tel/Whatsapp: +86-13969776659, E-mail: email@example.com, we will be glad to help you!